Fascinating History of Barbados Island

European Colonizers

Barbados island was inhabited by Arawaks and Caribs at the time of European colonization of the Americas in the 16th century. The island of Barbados was an English, and later British colony, from 1625 until 1966. Since 1966, Barbados island has been a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy modeled on the Westminster system with Queen Elizabeth the second as titular head of state.

Barbados Pre-History – Amerindians

Some evidence suggests that Barbados island may have been settled in the second millennium, BC but this is limited to fragments of conch found in association with shells that have been radiocarbon dated to about 1630 BC. Fully documented Amerindian settlement dates to between about 350 and 650 AD. The arrivals were a group known as the salad oi Barranco from mainland South America. A second wave of settlers appeared around the Year 800. The Spanish referred to these as Arawaks. And a third in the mid 13th century called Caribs by the Spanish. This last group was politically more organized and came to rule over the others.

Barbados Early History

The Portuguese were the first of the European colonizers to land on the island of Barbados. Portuguese navigator Pedro a Campos named the island of Barbados, Los Barbados, meaning bearded ones. Barbadians, or Bajans, as the local population refers to itself,  know this history as having been associated with a “Bearded Fig Tree”.  Frequent slave raiding missions to the island of Barbados by the Spanish Empire in the early 16th century led to such a massive decline in the Amerindian population that by 1541 a Spanish writer claimed that Barbados and the islands known as the Caribbean were uninhabited.

The Amerindians were either captured for use as slaves by the Spanish or fled to other more easily defensible mountainous islands nearby. From about the year 1600, the English, French, and Dutch began to found colonies on the North American mainland and throughout the smaller islands of the West Indies. Although Spanish and Portuguese sailors had earlier visited the island of Barbados, the first English ship touched the island on the 14th of May 1625.

England Claims Barbados

Beginning in 1625, England was the first European nation to establish a lasting settlement in Barbados. England is commonly said to have made its initial claim to Barbados island in 1625. By some reports,  an earlier claim may have been made in 1620. Nonetheless, Barbados was claimed in 1625 in the name of King James, the first of England. There were earlier English settlements in the Americas – 1607 Jamestown, 1609 Bermuda, and 1620 Plymouth Colony. Also, several islands in the Leeward Islands were claimed by the English at about the same time as Barbados island. In 1623,  St.

Kitts was claimed, 1628 Nevis,  1632 Montserrat,  and 1632 Antigua. Nevertheless, Barbados island quickly grew to become the third major English settlement in the Americas due to its prime eastern location.

Early English Settlement on Barbados Island

The settlement was established as a proprietary colony and funded by Sir William Curtin a city of London merchant who acquired the title to Barbados island and several other islands. So the first colonists were actually tenants and much of the profits of their labor returned to Curtin and his company. The first English ship which arrived on the 14th of May, 1625, was captained by John Powell.

The first settlement began on the 17th of February, 1627, near what is now Hole Town, formerly Jamestown, by a group led by John Powell’s younger brother Henry. This settlement consisted of 80 settlers and 10 English laborers. The latter were young indentured laborers who, according to some sources, had been abducted, effectively making them slaves. Court ins title was transferred to James Hay 1st, Earl of Carlyle, in what was called the great Barbados island robbery. Carlisle then chose as governor Henry Hawley who established the House of Assembly in 1639 in an effort to appease the planters who might otherwise have opposed his controversial appointment.

English Attraction to the Caribbean

In the period 1640 to 60, the West Indies attracted over two-thirds of the total number of English emigrants to the Americas. By 1650, there were 44,000 settlers in the West Indies as compared to 12,000 on the Chesapeake, and 23,000 in New England. Most English arrivals were indentured.  After five years of labor, they were given freedom dues of about 10 liras- usually in goods. Before the mid-1630s, they also received five to ten acres of land. But after that time, the island filled, and there was no more free land.

Around the time of Cromwell, a number of rebels and criminals were also transported there. Timothy Means of Warwickshire was one of the rebels sent to Barbados at that time before he received compensation for servitude of 1,000 acres of land in North Carolina in 1666. Parish registers from the 1650s show for the white population four times as many deaths as marriages. The death rate was very high. Before this, the mainstay of the infant Barbados island colony’s economy was the growth export of tobacco. But tobacco prices eventually fell in the 1630s as Chesapeake production expanded.

England Civil War

Around the same time, fighting during the war of the Three Kingdoms and the interregnum spilled over into Barbados and Barbadian territorial waters. The island was not involved in the war until after the execution of Charles the First when the government of the island fell under the control of Royalists. Ironically, Governor Philip Bell remained loyal to parliament while the Barbadian House of Assembly was under the influence of Humphrey. While Ron supported Charles 2nd to try to bring the recalcitrant colony to heel, the Commonwealth parliament passed an act on the 3rd of October, 1650, prohibiting trade between England and Barbados.

English Dutch Trade

And because the island of Barbados also traded with the Netherlands, further Navigation Acts were passed prohibiting any but English vessels from trading with Dutch colonies. These Acts were a precursor to the first Anglo-Dutch war. The Commonwealth of England sent an invasion force under the command of Sir George Ayscue which arrived in October 1651. After some skirmishing, the Royalists in the House of Assembly, led by Lord Willoughby, surrendered. The conditions of the surrender were incorporated into the Charter of Barbados Treaty Oistins which was signed at the mermaids in Oistins on the 17th of January 1652.

Barbados Island
Barbados Island Sugar Cane

Sugar Cane and Slavery – Island of Barbados

Sugarcane cultivation in Barbados began in the 1640s. After its introduction in 1637 by Peter Blower, initially rum was produced. But by 1642, sugar was the focus of the industry as it developed into the main commercial enterprise. Barbados was divided into large plantation estates which replaced the small holdings of the early English settlers. As the wealthy planters pushed out the poorer, some of the displaced farmers relocated to the English colonies in North America – most notably South Carolina – to work the plantations.

Black Africans, primarily from West Africa, were imported as slaves in such numbers that there were three for every one planter. Increasingly after 1750, the plantations were owned by absentee landlords living in Britain and operated by hired managers. The slave trade ceased in 1807, and slaves were emancipated in 1834. Persecuted Catholics from Ireland also worked the plantations.

Barbados Sugar Industry

The life expectancy of African slaves was short, and replacements were purchased annually. The introduction of sugar came from Dutch Brazil in 1640 and completely transformed society and the economy. Barbados eventually had one of the world’s biggest sugar industries. One group instrumental in ensuring the early success of the industry were the Sephardic Jews who had originally been expelled from the Iberian Peninsula to end up in Dutch Brazil.

As the effects of the new crop increased so did the shift in the ethnic composition of Barbados and surrounding islands. The workable sugar plantation required a large investment and a great deal of heavy labour. At first, Dutch traders supplied the equipment financing and African slaves in addition to transporting most of the sugar to Europe. In 1644, the population of Barbados was estimated at 30,000 of which about 800 were of African descent with the remainder mainly of English descent. These English smallholders were eventually bought out and the island filled up with large African slave work.

Sugar Plantations on Barbados Island

By 1660, there was near parity, with 27 thousand blacks and 20 6000 whites. By 1666, at least 12,000 white smallholders had been bought out, died or left the island. Many of the remaining whites were increasingly poor. By 1680, there were 17 slaves for every indentured servant. By 1700, there were 15,000 free whites and 50,000 enslaved blacks. Due to the increased implementation of slave codes, which created differential treatment between Africans and the white workers and ruling planter class, the island became increasingly unattractive to poor whites.

Blacker

Slave codes were implemented in 1661, 1676, 1682, and 1688. In response to these codes, several slave rebellions were attempted or planned during this time, but none succeeded. Nevertheless, poor whites who had, or acquired, the means to emigrate often did so. Planters expanded their importation of African slaves to cultivate sugarcane. One early advocate of slave rights in Barbados was the visiting Quaker preacher Alice Kerwin in 1677.

For I am persuaded that if they whom thou cost thy slaves be upright hearted to God the Lord God Almighty will set them free in a way that thou knowest not for there is none set free but in Christ Jesus for all other freedom will prove but a bondage.

Barbados Value for England

By 1660, Barbados generated more trade than all the other English colonies combined. This remained so until it was eventually surpassed by geographically larger islands like Jamaica in 1713. But even so, the estimated value of the colony of Barbados in 1732-31 was as much as five million, five hundred thousand liras. Bridgetown, the capital was one of the three largest cities in English America. The other two being Boston Massachusetts and Port Royal, Jamaica.

By 1700, the English West Indies produced 25,000 tons of sugar compared to 20,000 for Brazil, ten thousand for the French islands, and four thousand for the Dutch islands. This quickly replaced tobacco, which had been the island’s main export. As the sugar industry developed into its main commercial enterprise, Barbados was divided into large plantations of states that replaced the small holdings of the early English settlers. In 1680, over half the arable land was held by 175 large planters each of whom held at least 60 slaves. The great planters had connections with the English aristocracy and had great influence on Parliament.

In 1668, the West Indian sugar crop sold for 180,000 pounds after customs of 18,000 pounds. Chesapeake tobacco earned 50,000 pounds after customs of 75,000 pounds. So much land was devoted to sugar that most foods had to be imported from New England. The poor whites who were moved off the island went to the English leeward islands, or especially to Jamaica. In 1670, the province of South Carolina was founded when some of the surplus population again left Barbados.

Other nations benefiting from large numbers of Barbadians included British Guyana (known as B.G. to Bajans) and Panama. Roberts 2006 shows that slaves did not spend the majority of time in restricted rolls cultivating harvesting and processing sugarcane, the island’s most important cash crop. Rather, slaves were involved in various activities and in multiple roles – raising livestock, fertilizing soil, growing provisional crops, maintaining plantation infrastructure, caregiving, and other tasks.

One notable soil management technique was intercropping –  planting subsistence crops between the rows of cash crops – which demanded of the slaves skilled and experienced observations of growing conditions for efficient land use. Slaveholders often counted as married only the slaves with mates on the estate. For example, the manager of Newton estate recorded 20 women with co-resident husbands and 35 with mates. Elsewhere, members of the latter group were labeled single members of extended units or mother-child units.

Bussa’s Rebellion

Towards the Abolition of Slavery

The British abolished the slave trade in 1807 but not the institution itself. In 1816, slaves rose up in the largest major slave rebellion in the island’s history. Of 20,000 slaves from over 70 plantations, they drove whites off the plantations, but widespread killings did not take place. This was later termed Bussa’s rebellion after the slave Ranger Bussa who, with his assistants, hated slavery, found the treatment of slaves on Barbados to be intolerable, and believed the political climate in Britain made the time ripe to peacefully negotiate with planters for freedom.

Bussa’s rebellion failed. 120 slaves, including Bussa, died in combat or were immediately executed, and another 144 were brought to trial and executed. The remaining rebels were shipped off the island. In 1826, the Barbados Legislature passed the consolidated slave law which simultaneously granted concessions to the slaves while providing reassurances to the slave owners. Slavery was finally abolished in the British Empire 18 years later in 1834.

In Barbados and the rest of the British West Indian colonies, full emancipation from slavery was preceded by an apprenticeship period that lasted four years. In 1884, the Barbados Agricultural Society sent a letter to Sir Francis Hanks requesting his private and public views on whether the Dominion of Canada would favorably entertain having the then colony of Barbados admitted as a member of the Canadian Confederation. Asked from Canada were the terms of the Canadian side to initiate discussions and whether or not the island of Barbados could depend on the full influence of Canada in getting the change agreed to by the British Parliament at Westminster.

Towards Decolonization on Barbados Island

In 1952, the Barbados Advocate newspaper polled several prominent Barbadian politicians, lawyers, businessmen, the Speaker of the Barbados House of Assembly, and later, as first president of the Senate, Sir Theodore Branca QC, and found them to be in favor of immediate Federation of Barbados along with the rest of the British Caribbean with complete Dominion status.

West Indies Federation

Within five years from the date of the inauguration of the West Indies Federation with Canada, however, plantation owners and merchants of British descent still dominated local politics owing to the high-income qualification required for voting. More than 70% of the population, many of them disenfranchised women, were excluded from the democratic process. It was not until the 1930s that the descendants of emancipated slaves began a movement for political rights.

Sir Grantley Adams

One of the leaders of this movement, Sir Grantley Adams, founded the Barbados Progressive League in 1938 which later became known as the Barbados Labour Party. Adams and his party demanded more rights for the poor and for the people and staunchly supported the monarchy. Progress toward a more democratic government in Barbados was made in 1942 when the exclusive income qualification was lowered and women were given the right to vote.

By 1949, governmental control was rested from the planters. And in 1958, Adams became Premier of Barbados. From 1958 to 1962, Barbados was one of the ten members of the West Indies Federation, a federalist organization doomed by nationalist attitudes and the fact that its members, as British colonies, held limited legislative power. Grantley Adams served as its first, and only premier.  But his leadership failed in attempts to form similar unions, and his continued defense of the monarchy was used by his opponents as evidence that he was no longer in touch with the needs of his country.

Errol Barrow & Barbados Independence

Errol Walton Barrow, a fervent reformer, became the people’s new advocate. Barrow had left the BLP and formed the Democratic Labour Party as a liberal alternative to Adams’s Conservative government. Barrow instituted many progressive social programs such as free education for all Barbadians in a school meal system. By 1961, Barrow had replaced Adams as Premier and the DLP controlled the government. With the Federation dissolved, Barbados island reverted to its former status – that of a self-governing colony.

The island negotiated its own independence at a constitutional conference with Britain in June 1966. After years of peaceful and democratic progress, Barbados finally became an independent state on the 30th of November 1966 with Errol Barrow its first Prime Minister, although Queen Elizabeth ii of Great Britain remained the monarch. Upon independence, Barbados maintained historical linkages with Britain by becoming a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. A year later Barbados’s international linkages were expanded by obtaining membership of both the United Nations and the Organization of American States.

Island of Barbados Political History

Carrington 1982 examines politics during the American Revolution revealing that Barbadian political leaders shared many of the grievances and goals of the American revolutionaries but that they were unwilling to go to war over them. Nevertheless, the repeated conflicts between the island assembly and the royal governors brought important constitutional reforms which confirmed the Legislature’s control over most local matters and its power over the executive.

From 1800 until 1885, the island of Barbados then served as the main seat of government for the former British colonies of the Windward Islands. During the period of around 85 years, the resident Governor of Barbados also served as the colonial head of the Windward Islands. After the government of Barbados officially exited from the Windward Island Union in 1885, the seat was moved from Bridgetown to St. George’s on the neighboring island of Grenada where it remained until the territory of the Windward Islands was dissolved.

Soon after Barbados’s withdrawal from the Windward Islands, Barbados became aware that Tobago was going to be amalgamated with another territory as part of a single state. In response, Barbados made an official bid to the British government to have neighbouring Island Tobago joined with Barbados as a political union. The British government, however, decided that Trinidad would be a better fit, and Tobago instead was made a ward of Trinidad. African slaves worked on plantations owned by merchants of English and Scottish descent. It was these merchants who continued to dominate Barbados politics even after emancipation due to a high income restriction on voting.

Only the upper 30% had any voice in the democratic process. It was not until the 1930s that a movement for political rights was begun by the descendants of emancipated slaves who started trade unions. One of the leaders of this movement, Sir Grantley Adams founded the Barbados Progressive League – now the Barbados Labour Party in 1938. The Great Depression caused mass unemployment and strikes and the standard of living on the island fell drastically. Adams continued to advocate more help for the people, especially the poor. Finally, in 1942, the income qualification was lowered. This was followed by the introduction of universal adult suffrage in 1950, and Adams was elected as premier of Barbados in 1958.

For his action and leadership, Adams would later become a national hero. From 1958 to 1962, Barbados was one of the 10 members of the West Indies Federation an organization doomed to failure by a number of factors including what were often petty nationalistic prejudices and limited legislative power. Indeed, Adams’ position as prime minister was a misnomer, as all of the Federation members were still colonies of Britain. Adams, once a political visionary, and now a man whose policies seemed to some blind to the needs of his country not only held fast to his notion of defending the monarchy but also made additional attempts to form other Federation-like entities after that union’s demise.

When the Federation was terminated, Barbados reverted to its former status as a self-governing colony, but efforts were made by Adams to form another federation composed of Barbados and the Leeward and Windward Islands.  Errol Walton Barrow was to replace Grantley Adams as the advocate of populism, and it was he who would eventually lead the island of Barbados into independence in 1966. Barrow, a fervent reformer, and once a member of the Barbados Labour Party, had left the party to form his own Democratic Labour Party as the Liberal alternative to the conservative BLP government under Adams.

He remains a national hero for his work in social reformation including the institution of free education for all Barbadians in 1961. Barrow supplanted Adams as premier as the DLP took control of the government. Due to several years of growing autonomy, Barbados island, with Barrow at the helm, was able successfully to negotiate its independence at a constitutional conference with the United Kingdom in June 1966. After years of peaceful and democratic progress, Barbados finally became an independent state and formally joined the Commonwealth of Nations on the 30th of November 1966 with Errol Barrow serving as its first prime minister.

Confederations and Union Proposals

A number of proposals have been mooted in the past to have Barbados integrated with either neighboring countries or even the Canadian Confederation. To date, all have failed, and one proposal even led to deadly riots in 1876 when Governor John Pope Hennessy tried to pressure Barbados politicians to integrate more firmly into the Windward Islands. Governor Hennessy was quickly transferred from Barbados by the British Crown in 1884.

Attempts were then made by the influential Barbados Agricultural Society to have Barbados island form a political association with the Canadian Confederation. From 1958 to 1962 Barbados became one of the 10 states of the West Indies Federation. Lastly, in the 1990s a plan was devised by the leaders of Guyana, Barbados, and Trinidad and Tobago to form a political association between those three governments again this deal was never completed following the loss of Sir Lloyd Erskine Sandiford in the Barbadian general elections.

Source – Wikipedia audio article as found on Youtube

Rent A Car and Explore Barbados

Barbados tourism

Ultimate Barbados Tourism Visitors Guide

Barbados Geography

The island geography is an important part of Barbados tourism. Barbados is split into eleven parishes with four very different but equally enticing coasts. This Barbados tourism visitor’s guide explores the beauty of Barbados as described in the Virgin Atlantic Guide to Barbados .  Labeled Los Barbados by the Portuguese and colonized by the UK, Barbados today is a prospering and independent (since 1966) Caribbean tropical island and a global class vacation destination.

Explore Barbados – One of the Friendliest Places on Earth

With the friendliest people, the most beautiful landscapes, and some incredible family-friendly beaches, Barbados really does have it all. This Barbados tourism guide and review of Barbados is just a sample of what this amazing island has to offer.

The Four Coasts of Barbados

Barbados is split into eleven parishes with four very different but equally enticing coasts. Understanding the geography of the island is an important part of Barbados tourism. Virgin Atlantic does a good job of capturing the essence of those four coasts.

Barbados Tourism Hub – The Platinum Coast

The majority of Barbados tourism hotels, resorts, and restaurants are located along the length of the West side of the island, nicknamed ‘the Platinum Coast’. Being the more sheltered side of the island, the beaches there are ideal for swimming and snorkeling. On the West Coast, highlighted by the parish of St James, you’ll find plenty of water-based activities to keep you entertained.

The East Coast Road

The untamed East Coast, or as Bajans refer to it, the East Coast Road, is best enjoyed on dry land. The swells of the Atlantic Ocean have seen the area in the vicinity of Bathsheba turn into a great place for Barbados tourism and the world’s surfing elite. However, you will not find Bajans swimming in the waters off the East Coast Road. Most locals consider the sea on the East Coast Road to be too rough.

Barbados is the most eastern of all the Caribbean islands. While there are several islands to the West, there is nothing to the East of Barbados except the massive Atlantic Ocean. Beyond the Atlantic Ocean is the West Coast of Africa. This geographic location of Barbados is directly linked to its historic role.

The Barbados North, or Scottish, Coast

Also nickname ‘the Scotland Region, the unspoiled north of the island with its somewhat rugged terrain will probably be worth visiting because of its remote coves and bays. The two most prominent of these bays are Archers Bay and River Bay. Archers Bay and River Bay are two historic picnic areas for Bajans.

The scenery is magnificent, offering tourists the opportunity to look out onto the ocean from massive seaside cliffs. However, like the East Coast Road, you will not find many Bajans in the water there because the seas are rough in this northernmost part of Barbados and the ocean currents have a dangerous undertow. The bays on the North Coast of Barbados are integral to Barbados tourism.

With all of the magnificent sea coasts of Barbados, it’s easy to overlook some of this island’s hidden inland gems.

Easy to Get Around Barbados

The island of Barbados offers lots of variety and is small enough to be easily explored from wherever you are staying. There is one constant that you can count on. Where ever on the island you go, it is assured that you will encounter a friendly Bajan welcome. This is why Barbados tourism has remained solid over the years.

Going around Barbados is really as relaxed as the Caribbean lifestyle itself. You can rent a car from one of the local car rental agencies and explore Barbados tourism on your terms. By car, it requires roughly one hour to get from one end of the island to the other. Nonetheless, if you are driving, it is advisable to avoid the most common morning and evening rush hours. Renting a car in Barbados can be fun. However, you should familiarize yourself with driving on the left side of the road in cars equipped with a right-side steering wheel.

Car Rental Barbados

If you don’t want to bother driving, then, like most places, taxis are available to get around. However, the cabs are not metered, so make certain to agree on how much you will pay before starting out on a cab ride. When you consider the frequency and venues you may wish to explore a car rental Barbados as a worthwhile option. Barbados tourism is the main economic pillar of the island. Renting a car in Barbados is a key way to support Barbados tourism.

Knowledgeable Cabbies in Barbados

One advantage which makes cabbies a great untapped reference for the Barbados tourism visitor trade is that your trip will be filled with knowledgeable insights into island life and background. However, do ask for a company card before exiting the taxi, and always call ahead with as much notice as can be.

Get Around Barbados By Bus

Another way to get around Barbados is to travel with the local Bajans and hop on a bus. You are able to either use the timetabled, government-run blue buses or ride the privately managed yellow buses. Both offer an island-wide service and charge the same charge per trip. The buses are cheap and convenient to use, but make sure you have the correct change before jumping on.

Barbados Car Rentals

Vehicle rentals in Barbados is one way to really explore Barbados. And, on a beautiful island paradise this small, getting lost is all part of the fun. Of course, if you’re traveling with a large group, then a Barbados group tour is always an option.

Barbados Tourism Group Tours

Book a group or private island tour and see the wilder North and East coasts. The oldest tour operator in Barbados, Sun Tours, offers a one-stop shop for private hire, group travels, and airport terminal transfers with reliable and friendly motorists. Barbados seashores are regularly voted among the best in the Caribbean. The Barbados tourism industry is packed with island tours. All major hotls either have scheduled tours or can connect you with recommended tour operators.

All Beaches Public in Barbados

Every beach in Barbados is open to the public, so don’t be deterred from accessing even if it appears like a private holiday resort. The superstar haunts of Crane Beach and Sandy Lane, whilst beautiful, are in no way all the island of Barbados provides. Even if you are not staying in one of the more exclusive hotels, the beaches bordering those properties are not off limits to you. This is one of the many attractive features of Barbados tourism.

Barbados Water Sports

The beautiful white sand beaches are one of the most beautiful attractions of Barbados. Therefore, it stands to reason that water sports are a key part of barbados tourism. Take time to look for less filled areas and discover your own deserted paradise. There are many water sport activities offered along the South and western coastline. If you’re seeking to try your hands at conquering the Atlantic waves, then Surfer’s Point in Christ Church is the perfect spot to stop.

Zed’s Surfing Adventures offer daily surfing lessons for those seeking to surf their first wave. They also organize surfing tours for the more advanced surfers. Board rental is provided and for beginners, after a short tutorial on the beach, you’ll be going into the water with experienced trainers there to guide you every step of the way.

Barbados Catamaran Tours

Another fun way to experience the Barbados coastline is to take a Catamaran tour. These tours are a very popular part of the Barbados tourism industry. Climb aboard Cool Runnings for each day of sea, adventure and sun. Departing daily from Bridgetown, cruise along the western coast of the island however you like before anchoring up to take pleasure from the tranquil warm waters of the Caribbean, making a couple of friends on the way. Offering daytime, sunset and private cruises, Cool Runnings understands how to show tourists a great time, Barbados style!

Barbados Natural Wonders

For such a little island there are numerous areas of natural splendor and animals to be found out. Exploring the parish of St Andrew in the north will lead you to one of Barbados’ best-kept natural secrets.

The Animal Flower Cave

The Animal Flower Cave is an amazing sea cave that opens directly into the Atlantic Ocean. A nominal entrance fee grants you access and a tour guide to take you down under the cliffs.

Be sure to bring your swimming gear, as on calm days the larger pool is suitable for bathing, allowing you to swim out and marvel close-up at the power of the Atlantic. Just don’t get too close!

The local folklore has it that as people try to reach the animal flowers, they move further back into the sea. In reality, there are two phenomenon which may actually contribute to this effect. First, the ‘animal flowers’ have tentacles which can sting and paralyze a passing fish. The tentacles then retract, creating the appearance that the flower ‘moved’. Secondly, sometimes the cave fills up with water causing the entrance to become like a blowhole.

Harrison ’s Cave

Harrison ’s Cave in the parish of St Thomas is another natural cavern with crystal clear water streams and crystallised lime formations. Visiting Harrison’s cave is clearly one of the things to do in Barbados.

Barbados has Best Tap Water in the World

While on a Barbados tourism trip, you will travel deep into Harrison’s Cave in a tour-guided tram. On such a visit you will be able to see first-hand exactly why the island has one of the purest tap water supplies in the world.

The water in Barbados is very safe to drink as it filtered naturally through coral limestone rock. Over 85% of Barbados is made up of coral limestone, meaning the water of Barbados is of a very high quality.

Barbados Horticulture

Barbados has a rich horticultural history. One of the top attractions on the island is Anthony Hunte’s Garden. Set in a sink hole-like gully, as you explore the pathways of this picturesque establishment, you’ll feel just like you’ve dropped down the rabbit opening and into your very own private wonderland.

Welchman Hall Gully

Close by, Welchman Hall Gully can simply be coupled with a vacation to Hunte’s Garden. Offering stunning viewpoints on the East coastline, it’s one of the only indigenous tropical scenery still accessible on the island. If you’re lucky you may even get the opportunity to see Barbados green monkeys in their natural habitat.

British Influence in Barbados

As the only Caribbean island that continued to be under continuous United Kingdom rule until independence, Barbados has retained much of its English traits. Anglican churches can be found in every parish around the island. The capital of Barbados is Bridgetown, a well-preserved Old Town with many examples of Colonial architecture. For years, one of the nicknames of Barbados was Little England.

George Washington’s Visit to Barbados

Barbados was the only place outside colonial America that George Washington ever visited, and he may well have put to good use what he learnt about the British some years later. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Garrison area of Bridgetown encompasses a variety of historical locations. Bush Hill House can be found here and is where George Washington stayed with his terminally ill brother in 1751.

The Garrison Savannah

The Garrison also includes Charles Fort, the Barbados Museum, and the Garrison Savannah which now operates as a racecourse. The Barbados Garrison Historical Consortium offers a full tour of the area every Thursday, taking in all the previously mentioned sites in addition to providing access to St Ann’s Fort, the working home of the Barbados National Defense Force.

Here you can tour the Barbados National Armoury Museum – housing some of the world’s rarest canons before heading to the Officer’s Clutter for a rum punch and a treat.

Arlington House Museum in Speightstown, in the Parish of St. Peter, is a restored 18th Century home which was converted into an interactive museum. There, you will hear stories of the island’s first settlers and discover what life on the plantation really was like.

The Speightstown Mural

Be sure to drop by and view the Speightstown mural over the street before you leave. This mural is the biggest piece of open public artwork in the Caribbean. It took over 3 years to finish. The optimum time to see the mural is the morning hours or sunset.

The Barbados National Trust Sites

In Barbados, there are plenty of Barbados National Trust sites to explore. This is where renting or hiring a car comes in handy, for these sites are all easily accessible if you hire a car. They offer further insight into present and past Bajans as well as stunning photo opportunities. The Barbados National Trust also arranges free, organized hikes throughout the island.

Barbados Flying Fish

Of all the Caribbean islands, Barbados is renowned for impeccable cuisine from high-end restaurants to local street food. Known as the Land of the Flying Fish, the warm surrounding waters provide a healthy supply of seafood all year round.

Bajan Fish Market

For a traditional Bajan scene, head to the pop-up fish market at Six Men’s Bay. Mid-afternoon is the ideal time to see the local fishermen sail in with the day’s catch. You never know, you might even get invited out on their next angling trip! Up the street from Six Men’s is situated the extremely popular Fish Pot, the first on many a foodies list as it pertains to eating in Barbados.

A menu bursting with traditional flavours and the freshest substances, the transformed 18th Century fort can be found directly on the beach. Open up for lunchtime and supper, this north of the island joy is really worth exploring for.

West Coast Water Taxis

Water taxis are available to transport you to and from an array of resorts along the Barbados West Coast. For a stylish, laid-back vibe, head to Lone Star Restaurant. This beachside restaurant is popular both with celebrities and all lovers of good food.

Crane Beach

Once dubbed ‘The Ivy of the Caribbean’, this one-time petrol station is currently a buzzing Barbados tourism institution. For a more down-to-earth dish grab yourself a Flying Fish Cutter from Cutter’s Deli near Crane Beach. This traditional Bajan sandwich is the perfect lunchtime snack. If you’re on the beach at Crane, Cutter’s will deliver one straight to you. You’re never far from a rum punch in Barbados and whilst everyone will claim their own as the best, in Cutter’s case it may just be true.

Cutter’s and Crane Beach are only ten minutes away from the airport and it’s been known for departing people to swing by for just one last tipple before hopping on their flight home.

Whilst carnivores and pescetarians are well-catered for, the Good Life on Rockley Beach is flying the flag for vegetarians. Regardless of your culinary choice, the salads and wraps are remarkable and make a good difference from the fish-filled selections elsewhere. In addition, they do the best fruit smoothies on the island.

Wherever you decide to dine, always book in advance. Also, remember that most places don’t serve beyond 9. 30 pm. And if you see dolphin on the menu, don’t get worried, it’s Mahi Mahi, not Flipper.

Oistin’s Fish Market Barbados

The island has a fairly laid-back nighttime vibe, but if you’re seeking to spice it up a little, Oistins on Friday evening has become one of the most popular spots to explore an authentically Bajan seafood cuisine. It is the perfect place to let your hair down.

A bustling seafood market open 7 days per week, Oistins really comes to life on Friday evening when visitors and locals flood the town to enjoy the carnival-like end of the week fish fry or grill. In Oistins, you will find Freshly-caught seafood and a lot of rum. Despite the tourist trap reputation, it’s still a mandatory on your Barbados vacation. And if a stall has a long line of people waiting for food, that’s the line you want to be on. It will surely be worth your wait.

There’s a quieter, more local fish fry in the north at Half Moon Fort. This is quite a similar affair but with less crowds and again, best on weekends. For sundowners, the western world coast has a lot of beach bars to take pleasure from. Drift Ocean Terrace Lounge in Holetown is one of the classiest – ideal for cocktails. Barbados and rum go hand in hand, and it’s on faucet everywhere you go. Rum punch is the usual staple – essentially a strong rum drink mixed with fruit juice and ice, and it’s not authentic without a sprinkling of nutmeg.

Home to some of the world’s biggest brands, the major distilleries all offer trips with the focus on being the free taster session. To get a better understanding of how rum is made, head up to the Scotland Area to St Nicholas Abbey. During the sugar cane season, you can view first-hand the distilling process from beginning to end. There’s a complete plantation and Jacobean house to explore too, not forgetting Cherry Tree Hill using its breathtaking views within the north.

Additionally, drink as an islander at one of the numerous rum shacks. It’s a great way of studying island life from those who know it best. In the improbable event you are desperate for a shack, choose a spire or church tower – wherever there’s a chapel, there’s a rum shack close by! From the fine sand and sea, shopaholics will get places to get their fix. Duty-free jewelry shopping is available in Bridgetown’s Broad Street while shopping in Holetown is a far more fashionable and upmarket affair.

There are great 3rd party shopping areas like the quirky and quaint Chattel Village. There’s a genuine artisan feel as you wander around the original homes and the town is minutes from the beach so you’ll be back again lying down on the fine sand very quickly. For a far more tasteful take on souvenirs and gifts, venture to Chalky Mount for some beautiful pottery, handmade by the local legend John Springer. Personally sourcing his clay from the nearby area, John can often be seen at work in his studio and is more than happy to give a demonstration.

For home-grown mahogany crafts, head for Reggie Medford’s Craft World. As with the pottery, it’s not all about the end product and watching Reggie work won’t fail to impress or inspire. Bajan craftwork at its best. With spaces in Bridgetown and Speightstown, The Frangipani Gallery hosts a variety of work by local, Marilda Weatherhead, as well as some choice selections from other artists. All walks of life can be found and whether it’s a sculpture or painting, Marilda is readily available to provide advice. The Farmer’s Marketplaces in Barbados are as much about artwork and crafts as fresh produce.

Barbados Markets

1 of 2 of the greatest markets on the island, Brighton Market is held on Saturdays and it is ideal for catching some local music with an espresso and a waffle. The market is at its best from 7 to 9 in the morning. On Sundays, it’s all about Holders Market. Set in the grounds of historic Holder House, the place is bustling from 9 to 2.

Both markets are a great opportunity to support local farmers and artisans. The main currency of the island is the Barbadian dollar which is two to one on the US dollar. With the exception of the buses, US dollars are accepted island-wide, including the markets. All prices, unless otherwise stated, will be in Barbadian dollars.

Barbados was made for outdoor pursuits and, alongside water sports, there are plenty of activities to enjoy while remaining on the island. Bajan’s are interested in their especially cricket, sport, polo and equine race. The main cricket ground is Kensington Oval whilst all the main horse racing fixtures take place at the previous colonial outpost, Garrison Savannah. Browse the competition calendar to see what’s planned throughout your stay.

Barbados Golf Courses

If you miss a gathering, you can still capture the racehorses bathing around Carlisle Bay before each morning hours. The Caribbean houses some of the best possible golf courses on earth and Barbados is no exception. Apes Hill is the most recent addition to the golfing scene. Located on a previous sugar plantation, its thin air offers the most magnificent panoramic views. Phone ahead to reserve a tee time as the cool morning hours slots fill fast. Barbados has every type of accommodation from high-end resorts and secluded boutique hideaways to quaint guesthouses and beach side retreats.

The Caribbean is known for its exclusivity and there is nowhere better than The Coral Reef Club, a five-star resort that oozes West Indian elegance in a close setting. Set amongst 12 acres of luscious garden, the family-run Coral Reef has impeccable service, fine dining, and spacious rooms. Also within the resort, is the spa. Open to non-guests, the spa offers all the classic treatments in a salubrious setting.

Another colonial-inspired gem is The Fairmont Royal Pavilion. Feeling looked after from the moment you arrive, every aspect of your stay is taken care of in this tropical panorama. The Royal Pavilion is a great place to get married if you’re looking for a destination wedding.

Little Good Harbour is the ultimate Caribbean hideaway. By day, it is the perfect spot to enjoy the many water sports on offer. At night time, it is an idyllic setting to fall asleep in. it is a cluster of charming self-catering cottages collection amongst a tranquil panorama and only moments away from the beach. The Australian owners have created a serene setting and their equally impressive restaurant, Fish Pot, is right on the doorstep. It’s the perfect base from which to explore the north of the island.

Little Good Harbour offers the comfort and security of a family-run hotel with all the current perks of an exclusive villa rental. For an island with such a distinguished reputation, you may still find some good value options.

Minutes from Mullins Beach on the West Coast is Bayfield Visitor House, a homely bed and breakfast set in a transformed 1930’s plantation-style house. Bayfield is family run by couple Trevor and Pam. They come with an abundance of knowledge and a whole heap of recommendations of things you can do and see throughout your visit. Bayfield has a seductive and welcoming stay – a refreshing contrast to the formalities of a hotel.

Likewise, Sea-U Guesthouse is a B&B on the less-developed east side of the island. This location is especially well located for those on a surfing or hiking holiday.

Whilst a great place for lying on the beach and simply doing nothing, there are plenty of other things to see and do on this incredible island. So, tear yourself away from that sun lounger. Consider renting a car in Barbados, and get ready to discover Barbados, the true gem of the Caribbean.

As found on Youtube

Rent A Car and Explore Barbados

Barbados at the Center of Talks to Resolve the Venezuelan Crisis

The Episcopal Conference of Venezuela (CEV) considered Thursday that the new dialogue between the Government of Nicolás Maduro and a minority sector of the opposition does not help resolve the political crisis in the country and stressed that any negotiation process should lead to presidential elections.

“I believe that this is one of the new episodes (…) that do not help at all, depending on the search for unity to consolidate a force that solves, above all, this serious political problem that has to do with the problem of global crisis in Venezuela, ”said the president of the CEV, Monsignor José Luis Azuaje.

In an interview with the private broadcaster Circuito Éxitos, he also criticized that there are politicians with particular agendas and insisted that “every dialogue has to lead to an electoral process.”

“We see people who, well, were once influential in the field of Venezuelan politics and now come to the fore without people, without support from political parties, without representation, to want to solve a serious problem that they have not achieved still solving tradition parties, ”he said.

The bishop also took the opportunity to point out that, in his opinion, there is “a total abandonment of what the welfare of the people means.”

“The opposition neither resolves nor resolves it, nor does the government,” he said.

The Maduro government reported on Monday about the start of a new dialogue with minority opposition parties, after suspending the negotiation process it held in Barbados with the anti-Chavez majority led by the head of Parliament, Juan Guaidó, recognized as interim president For more than 50 countries.

The new mechanism is backed by former presidential candidate Claudio Fermín, from the Progressive Advanced, Change and Hope for Change parties, all marked by the most radical sectors of having ties to Chavismo.

The opposition led by Guaidó, which groups the parties with more weight within anti-Chavez, has expressed its rejection of this new process.

Bahamas in need of Hot Meals for Thousands

By Business WireArticle Rating:

September 18, 2019 02:16 PM EDT

As thousands of Bahamians continue to be in need of food, water and shelter, The Bahamas Telecommunications Company (BTC), through the Cable & Wireless Charitable Foundation (CWCF), today announced its partnership with World Central Kitchen (WCK). BTC presented WCK with a check in the amount of US$25,000 to help the organization with the cost of providing meals to displaced families.

This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20190918005897/en/

BTC employees preparing supplies for evacuees (Photo: Business Wire)

BTC employees preparing supplies for evacuees (Photo: Business Wire)

WCK has been providing fresh meals throughout The Bahamas since just after Hurricane Dorian made landfall on the islands of Abaco and Grand Bahama as a category five hurricane on September 1st. “This grant from the CWCF will go a long way to help us get food to those who need it the most. Many communities have been completely devastated and are in dire need,” said Erin Gore of WCK. “To date, we have served 280,000 meals to people across both islands, as well as to those currently living in shelters in Nassau.”

“This grant to WCK is part of our broader humanitarian initiative in The Bahamas,” said Denise Williams, a Director of the Cable & Wireless Charitable Foundation and SVP of Communications at C&W Communications. “Our team visited the islands of Grand Bahama and Abaco immediately after the passage of Hurricane Dorian and have seen the devastation firsthand. Based on those reports we immediately initiated our response protocols. We will be supporting organizations such as WCK that are working to help bring relief to those affected by the hurricane.”

Last week, the CWCF committed US$500,000 towards immediate relief and rebuilding initiatives. “We have already utilized a significant amount of these funds to purchase and ship critical items such as generators, care packages and supplies to the islands to support affected communities. In the weeks ahead, we will continue to work with organizations such as WCK to get additional supplies to those most in need,” said Williams.

Gary Sinclair, CEO of BTC, also outlined the broader humanitarian support the company is providing in The Bahamas. “In addition to aid from the C&W regional Foundation, BTC has also airlifted and shipped over 60,000 pounds of food, water and critical care supplies along with 225 generators to the islands. Our first priority was securing the safety of our employees and their families. We have evacuated 160 employees and family members and are providing them with temporary housing and essential supplies, while at the same time, we are providing critical supplies to members of affected communities.” Sinclair indicated that BTC will support longer term re-building activities on the island.

The Cable & Wireless Charitable Foundation was established in 2017 to help the region rebuild in the aftermath of hurricanes Irma and Maria. The Foundation has raised more than US$1.2M and has used the funds to:

  • distribute emergency supplies to thousands in the British Virgin Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla and Puerto Rico;
  • build stronger and safer facilities for students in Dominica, Anguilla, and Turks and Caicos Islands;
  • support the rebuilding efforts in Dominica, including the island’s only public library;
  • enable hundreds of young people to learn new life skills in vulnerable communities in Puerto Rico, Curacao and Jamaica; and,
  • support more disaster resilient communities in Trinidad and Barbados.

The Foundation is now focusing its efforts on immediate disaster relief and longer-term rebuilding activities in the region.

About C&W Communications

C&W, part of the Liberty Latin America group of companies, is a full-service communications and entertainment provider and delivers market-leading video, broadband, telephony and mobile services to consumers in more than 20 markets. Through its business division, C&W provides data center hosting, domestic and international managed network services, and customized IT service solutions, utilizing cloud technology to serve business and government customers. C&W also operates a state-of-the-art submarine fiber network – the most extensive in the region.

About Cable & Wireless Charitable Foundation

Cable & Wireless Communications’ commitment to doing business in a responsible and sustainable way is why we launched the Cable & Wireless Charitable Foundation (CWCF). The Foundation is a powerful platform to raise and distribute funds to those in need across our markets.

Since its launch, the Foundation has raised US$1.5 million, and committed over US$1 million to recognized local, regional and international agencies to execute relief and recovery projects in eight countries. These projects help communities across Latin America and the Caribbean to not only recover from crises but support them in becoming more resilient when facing similar challenges in the future. In addition to the recovery and resiliency work, the CWCF also supports activities that enable progress in communities, as part of our efforts to build stronger communities and nations.